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CanadiEM MVP Infographic Series – Transfusion Strategies for Acute Upper GI Bleeding

In Infographics by Alvin ChinLeave a Comment

Approximately 20 million units of red blood cells, platelets and plasma are transfused annually in the United States1! Each transfusion carries an element of risk to the patient. Although numerous testing standards have been established to prevent the transmission of infectious diseases (i.e. HIV or Hepatitis C), immune reactions and alterations in homeostasis can still cause patients significant harm. The world of transfusion medicine has changed drastically over the last few decades with …

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CanadiEM MVP Infographic Series – The Canadian C-spine rule for radiography in alert and stable trauma patients

In Featured, Infographics, Medical Concepts by Alvin ChinLeave a Comment

This issue of the MVP Infographic Series is focused on “The Canadian C-spine rule for radiography in alert and stable trauma patients” published by Stiell et al.1 Prior to the use of clinical decision rules, such as the Canadian C-spine Rule (CCR), clinicians varied up to 6-fold in how often they ordered C-spine X-rays. Although such X-rays have a low individual cost, they carry a high systems-level cost due to the volume of …