Editor’s note: In this article Eve Purdy discusses lessons learned while performing, writing and publishing research with a team spread across the country. The final product “The use of free educational resources by Canadian emergency medicine residents and program directors” was published in CJEM in March 2015. Of note, she (and some of here colleagues) will be available to answer questions via the new CJEM Facebook page in the coming weeks! – TC
“Hi, I’m Eve Purdy,” I said as introduced myself to a physician at the CaRMS social in Winnipeg.
“Nice to meet you, I’m Joeseph Bednarcyzk,” the doc responded.
And then we both started laughing.
You see, Joe and I had been working together on a paper that was about to be published… Yet, we had never actually met.
Welcome to academic publishing in the 21st century!
Flashback to 2013 where Brent Thoma and I conceived a project over coffee at CAEP 2013. We knew we shared an interest in how online and open access resources (#FOAMed) affect education and we were “nerding out”. We lamented that despite our gut feeling, there was little empiric support for our gestalt, and no one really knew if these resources were being used as ubiquitously amongst EM learners as we suspected. Being people of action, we decided to tackle the problem…
But first we needed to draft a dream team.
Drafting Your Dream Team
As we sat sipping our lattes, we thought up the best possible roster for our team. What did this project need for success and who could help. Like any team the research unit has multiple roles that need to be filled. The needs we saw and recruited for were:
- Communicator: to make it a truly Canadian project we needed to include French-speaking physicians/programs and we needed someone who could translate the survey but who could also help to increase the response rate among residents.
- Methodology Expert: If you are going to do a project, do it right. Neither of us felt perfectly comfortable with our desired methodology so we recognized that recruiting somebody with expertise in the area would be extremely helpful.
- Passion generators/work horses: We figured that we had these roles covered.
- Coach: We all need help seeing the bigger picture. We wanted someone who could help us turn a good project, into a great project.
Fortunately, everyone on our short list said yes! David Migneault (communicator), Joseph Bednarczyk (methods expert) and Jonathan Sherbino (coach) were drafted and the dream team was formed, but there was only one problem….none of us lived in the same city!
Collaborating at Distance
When working at a distance you are not going to run into each other in the hallway or in the department, so there might not be that immediate feeling of necessity to complete tasks. Learning to work in geographically disparate teams, however, is likely the future of academic success. (NB: BoringEM managing editor, Teresa Chan, has recently written about this phenomenon for the ICE blog.)
Collaborating with people you are far from requires an extra bit of discipline. These strategies and use of technology allowed us to be efficient. The publishing date is 2015 which makes it seem like this was a 2 year project however, the actual time from idea conception to completion (acceptance to CJEM) was about 9 months…coincidence? 😉 I think not.
- Clear expectations: Every contributor knew what their role was. All had a job and everyone was aware at the outset that this project was going to maintain momentum. All involved bought into that approach.
- Hard deadlines: Whether it be survey creation, data analysis, paper writing or editing deadlines for completion/feedback were set and respected (see clear expectations above). There were no cases of manuscripts sitting in inboxes for months just waiting to be “gotten to”.
- Structure: We largely communicated by email with individuals responding in a very timely fashion. The few times (three maybe?) that we we met virtually as a group it was with purpose and structured. We all came prepared and left with tasks. Follow up for tasks was performed by email.
To employ these team management strategies we leveraged a number of technologies to improve communication to facilitate working at a distance.
- Email: Our primary method of communication was email with a group thread. It was alright, but maybe not the best group messaging system (see next section).
- Conferencing: we used Skype but again I think there are better options like Google Hangouts.
- Google docs: We used this at the beginning for brain storming but found that once we were making more complex edits to surveys and manuscripts that the review functions on Word were better. I do believe the functionality of track changes has improved since we were using this google docs.
- Shared dropbox folder: Here we stored pdf references, draft manuscript versions and images.
For Next Time
When considering working on a project at a distance again, there are many things that I would do exactly the same. The team structure and function was gold but some aspects of our workflow could be improved. I would:
- Consider using Slack for communication. This app allows teams to communicate efficiently and if you are managing multiple projects with multiple teams the advantage becomes having all of those centralized in one place!
- Use Google Hangouts instead of Skype. It has easily accessible features that allow sharing of a desktop view to multiple people, which could have allowed us to review the manuscript/images in real time. If we had used Hangouts I also probably would have recognized Joeseph at the CaRMS social because it allows videoconferencing with multiple users, instead of the voice-only functionality of Skype when in a group.
I would also suggest that budding academicians consider the publishing time of the journal to which you submit. Our project was completed within six months of starting, accepted within nine months but not published until about two years after we began. Given the nature of the subject matter we studied, this delay compromises the validity of our findings. We are hopeful, however, that given CJEM’s recent transition to online publication this lag time will be reduced!
I really look forward to sharing a beer with these awesome team members at CAEP 2015 to celebrate our completed work! We hope that this post might clarify what working with a geographically distanced team looks like. So go out, find your dream team and keep progressing the field!
Have questions please ask below! You can also reach me via the CJEM Facebook page (www.facebook.com/cjemonline) where I will be answering questions about this article in the coming weeks.
NB: The project described in this blog post has been recently published in the Canadian Journal of Emergency Medicine.
The citation is:
Purdy E, Thoma B, Bednarcyzk J, et al. The use of free online educational resources by Canadian emergency medicine residents and program directors. 2015 CJEM 17(2):101-106.
View the official CJEM infographic for this paper below!