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Tiny Tips: “TREADMILLS” Peripheral Neuropathy mnemonic

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Peripheral neuropathy is prevalent in up to 2.4% of the general population1. It is often characterized by an asymmetric distribution with sensory symptoms following a dermatomal pattern. Initial investigations include a complete blood count (CBC), metabolic panel (electrolytes, glucose, urea, creatinine), and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)2. There are many causes for peripheral neuropathy, so when considering the etiology, think “TREADMILLS.” Toxins Ethanol, Heavy metals, Tetanus, Organophosphates, Diphtheria Renal Failure Endocrine Diabetes, Hypothyroidism Acquired …

Tiny Tips: “C-3PO’s RIVAL” Acute Unilateral Painless Vision Loss mnemonic

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Early diagnosis and treatment of acute, painless vision loss greatly increases the chances of vision restoration. Though treatment for most conditions involves an ophthalmology consult, it is important to consider and evaluate for the possible etiologies. A mnemonic to remember the list of causes for acute unilateral painless vision loss is “C-3PO’s RIVAL”.1 Central Retinal Artery Occlusion (CRAO) Central Retinal Vein Occlusion (CRVO) Cerebral Vascular Accident (CVA) Posterior Vitreous Detachment (PVD) Optic Neuritis …

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Tiny Tips: “SNOOP MEETS Pregnancy” Headache mnemonic

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Many must-not-miss diagnoses manifest as a secondary headache. Though the DDx list is quite large, the pertinent questions that must be asked on history can be remembered using the mnemonic “SNOOP MEETS Pregnancy”1,2 Below you’ll find the cues associated with each letter, the symptoms they are associated with, and the differential diagnosis for some of those symptoms. Systemic symptoms = fever, night sweats, weight loss, loss of appetite, protracted vomiting DDx: Meningitis, Encephalitis, Systemic infection, Lyme …